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The engineering procedures of piping design, focuses on the disciplines of the efficient transport of fluid. The system of pipes known as piping within this industry is used to move fluids (gases and liquids) from one place to another.

Piping systems are documented in piping and instrumentation diagrams (P&IDs). If necessary, pipes can be cleaned by the tube cleaning process. Industrial process piping (and accompanying in-line components) can be manufactured from wood, fiberglass, glass, steel, aluminum, plastic, copper, and concrete. The in-line components, known as fittings, valves, and other devices, typically sense and control the pressure, flow rate and temperature of the transmitted fluid, and usually are included in the field of Piping Design (or Piping Engineering).

In earlier days, this was sometimes called Drafting, Technical drawing, Engineering Drawing, and Design but is commonly performed by Designers who have learned to used automated computer aided drawing/computer aided design (CAD) software.”Piping” sometimes refers to Piping Design or the performance of the actual layout of the physical piping within a process plant or commercial building.

Fire sprinkler systems also use piping, and may transport potable or non-potable water, or other fire-suppression fluids. Plumbing is a piping system that most people are familiar with, as it constitutes the form of fluid transportation that is used to provide potable water and fuels to their homes and business. Plumbing pipes also remove waste in the form of sewage, and allow venting of sewage gases to the outdoors.

Piping also has many other industrial applications, which are crucial for moving raw and semi-processed fluids for refining into more useful products. Some of the more exotic materials of construction are Inconel, Titanium, chrome-moly and various other steel alloys.

The history of wooden piping.

Early wooden pipes were constructed out of logs that had a large hole bored lengthwise through the center. Later wooden pipes were constructed with staves and hoops similar to wooden barrel construction. Stave pipes have the advantage that they are easily transport as a compact pile of parts on a wagon and then assembled as a hollow structure at the job site. Wooden pipes were especially popular in mountain regions where transport of heavy iron or concrete pipes would have been difficult.

Electrolysis that bugbear of many iron pipe systems, doesn’t affect wood pipes at all, since wood is a much better electrical insulator.Wooden pipes were easier to maintain than metal, because the wood does not expand or contract with temperature changes as much as metal and so consequently expansion joints and bends were not required.The thickness of wood afforded some insulating properties to the pipes which helped prevent freezing as compared to metal pipes.

Redwood pipes stayed smooth and clean indefinitely while iron pipe by comparison would rapidly begin to scale and corrode and could eventually plug itself up with the corrosion.In the Western United States where redwood was used for pipe construction, it was found that redwood had “peculiar properties” that protected it from weathering, acids, insects, and fungus growths.

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